Publikasjoner

NIBIOs ansatte publiserer flere hundre vitenskapelige artikler og forskningsrapporter hvert år. Her finner du referanser og lenker til publikasjoner og andre forsknings- og formidlingsaktiviteter. Samlingen oppdateres løpende med både nytt og historisk materiale. For mer informasjon om NIBIOs publikasjoner, besøk NIBIOs bibliotek.

2021

Sammendrag

Prosjektet «Arealrepresentativ overvåking av norske verneområder» er en forventningsrett og arealrepresentativ undersøkelse av inngrep, drenering, linjeelement, gjengroing og arealendringer i norske verneområder. Metodikken er en kombinasjon av utvalgsundersøkelse og flyfototolkning. Første omdrev ble avsluttet i 2016. Andre omdrev startet i 2018. Denne rapporten beskriver resultatene etter at første halvpart av andre omdrev er gjennomført. Først når andre omdrev er sluttført vil undersøkelsen kunne presentere forventningsrett statistikk for hele landet. Rapporten må derfor benyttes med forsiktighet, men er uansett beskrivende for de konkrete områdene som er undersøkt.

Til dokument

Sammendrag

Anthropogenic emissions of nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) compounds and their long-range transport have caused widespread negative impacts on different ecosystems. Critical loads (CLs) are deposition thresholds used to describe the sensitivity of ecosystems to atmospheric deposition. The CL methodology has been a key science-based tool for assessing the environmental consequences of air pollution. We computed CLs for eutrophication and acidification using a European long-term dataset of intensively studied forested ecosystem sites (n = 17) in northern and central Europe. The sites belong to the ICP IM and eLTER networks. The link between the site-specific calculations and time-series of CL exceedances and measured site data was evaluated using long-term measurements (1990–2017) for bulk deposition, throughfall and runoff water chemistry. Novel techniques for presenting exceedances of CLs and their temporal development were also developed. Concentrations and fluxes of sulphate, total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) and acidity in deposition substantially decreased at the sites. Decreases in S deposition resulted in statistically significant decreased concentrations and fluxes of sulphate in runoff and decreasing trends of TIN in runoff were more common than increasing trends. The temporal developments of the exceedance of the CLs indicated the more effective reductions of S deposition compared to N at the sites. There was a relation between calculated exceedance of the CLs and measured runoff water concentrations and fluxes, and most sites with higher CL exceedances showed larger decreases in both TIN and H+ concentrations and fluxes. Sites with higher cumulative exceedance of eutrophication CLs (averaged over 3 and 30 years) generally showed higher TIN concentrations in runoff. The results provided evidence on the link between CL exceedances and empirical impacts, increasing confidence in the methodology used for the European-scale CL calculations. The results also confirm that emission abatement actions are having their intended effects on CL exceedances and ecosystem impacts.

Sammendrag

Climate change · Ecological restoration · Gene flow · Genetic diversity · Habitat fragmentation · Inbreeding · Local seeds · Local adaptation · Native seeds · Outbreeding depression · Plant genetic resources · Regional adaptation · Region of origin · Rehabilitation · Revegetation · Seed biology · Seed collection · Seed mixture · Seed provenance · Seed sourcing strategy · Seed transfer zones · Site-specific seeds