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Populærvitenskapelig – Mye å vinne på gran- og furublanding
Christian Kuehne, Paul McLean, Kjersti Holt Hanssen
ForfattereChristian Kuehne Paul McLean Kjersti Holt Hanssen
Det er ikke registrert sammendrag
Vitenskapelig – A stand-level growth and yield model for thinned and unthinned even-aged Scots pine forests in Norway
Christian Kuehne, Paul McLean, Kobra Maleki, ...
ForfattereChristian Kuehne Paul McLean Kobra Maleki Clara Antón Fernández Rasmus Astrup
Management of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Norway requires a forest growth and yield model suitable for describing stand dynamics of even-aged forests under contemporary climatic conditions with and without the effects of silvicultural thinning. A system of equations forming such a stand-level growth and yield model fitted to long-term experimental data is presented here. The growth and yield model consists of component equations for (i) dominant height, (ii) stem density (number of stems per hectare), (iii) total basal area, (iv) and total stem volume fitted simultaneously using seemingly unrelated regression. The component equations for stem density, basal area, and volume include a thinning modifier to forecast stand dynamics in thinned stands. It was shown that thinning significantly increased basal area and volume growth while reducing competition related mortality. No significant effect of thinning was found on dominant height. Model examination by means of various fit statistics indicated no obvious bias and improvement in prediction accuracy in comparison to existing models in general. An application of the developed stand-level model comparing different management scenarios exhibited plausible long-term behavior and we propose this is therefore suitable for national deployment.
Rapport – Anvendelse av aldersfri bonitet for skog i Norge
Svein Solberg, Marius Hauglin, Paul McLean
ForfattereSvein Solberg Marius Hauglin Paul McLean
Aldersfri bonitering er en metode for estimering av bonitet uten bruk av alder på skogen. Metoden er utviklet ved NIBIO i seinere år, og omtalt i tidligere publikasjoner. Vi går her videre i arbeidet med å kvalitetssikre metoden, og vurderer hvilken potensiell anvendelse den kan ha i skogbruket. Samlet sett viser resultatene at aldersfri bonitet har et potensial for å brukes i skogbruk i Norge. Det kan brukes for det første som et alternativ til konvensjonell bonitering i skogbruksplanlegging og på det landsdekkende skogressurskartet SR16, og for det andre som et supplement til konvensjonell bonitet på Landsskogtakseringens felt for å overvåke endringer forårsaket av klimaendringer. I det første tilfellet er fordelen at metoden ikke krever alder som input. En generell fordel er at metoden kan fange opp endringer i bonitet som skyldes endringer i vekstvilkår grunnet for eksempel klimaendringer, og dermed i større grad enn konvensjonell bonitet representere dagens bonitet. Metoden har også den fordelen at den er velegnet for bruk med fjernmåling, og resultatene viser at både enkelttre- og areal-baserte metoder fungerer, og at både laserskanning og stereo flybilder kan brukes.
Vitenskapelig – Diameter, height and volume increment single tree models for improved Sitka spruce in Great Britain
Rubén Manso, Rachael Davidson, Paul McLean
ForfattereRubén Manso Rachael Davidson Paul McLean
The British forestry sector lacks reliable dynamic growth models for stands of improved Sitka spruce, the most important commercial forest type in Great Britain. The aim of this study is to fill this gap by trialling a new modelling framework and to lay the foundations of a future dynamic growth simulator for that forest type. First, we present single tree diameter and height increment models that are climate sensitive and include explicit competition effects. The predictions from the increment models are pooled to project diameter and height at a given age. These projections are then used as inputs to an integrated taper model from which stochastic tree volume predictions are obtained. Retrospective data from over 1400 trees collected in two extensive genetic trials in Scotland and Wales were used for the purposes of this study. Diameter increment and height increment predictions were highly accurate and diameter and height projections proved consistent. The predicted volume at the time of harvesting also exhibited a high degree of accuracy, which shows the robustness of our approach. Further data will be needed in the future to recalibrate the present models and extend their range of validity to the whole of Great Britain.
Vitenskapelig – Stand-level growth models for long-term projections of the main species groups in Norway
Kobra Maleki, Rasmus Astrup, Christian Kuehne, ...
ForfattereKobra Maleki Rasmus Astrup Christian Kuehne Paul McLean Clara Antón Fernández
Stand-level growth and yield models are important tools that support forest managers and policymakers. We used recent data from the Norwegian National Forest Inventory to develop stand-level models, with components for dominant height, survival (number of survived trees), ingrowth (number of recruited trees), basal area, and total volume, that can predict long-term stand dynamics (i.e. 150 years) for the main species in Norway, namely Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), and birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh. and Betula pendula Roth). The data used represent the structurally heterogeneous forests found throughout Norway with a wide range of ages, tree size mixtures, and management intensities. This represents an important alternative to the use of dedicated and closely monitored long-term experiments established in single species even-aged forests for the purpose of building these stand-level models. Model examination by means of various fit statistics indicated that the models were unbiased, performed well within the data range and extrapolated to biologically plausible patterns. The proposed models have great potential to form the foundation for more sophisticated models, in which the influence of other factors such as natural disturbances, stand structure including species mixtures, and management practices can be included.
Vitenskapelig – The utility of forest attribute maps for automated Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale (ATES) modelling
Johannes Schumacher, Håvard Toft Larsen, Paul McLean, ...
ForfattereJohannes Schumacher Håvard Toft Larsen Paul McLean Marius Hauglin Rasmus Astrup Johannes Breidenbach
The number of people affected by snow avalanches during recreational activities has increased over the recent years. An instrument to reduce these numbers are improved terrain classification systems. One such system is the Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale (ATES). Forests can provide some protection from avalanches, and information on forest attributes can be incorporated into avalanche hazard models such as the automated ATES model (AutoATES). The objectives of this study were to (i) map forest stem density and canopy-cover based on National Forest Inventory and remote sensing data and, (ii) use these forest attributes as input to the AutoATES model. We predicted stem density and directly calculated canopy-cover in a 20 Mha study area in Norway. The forest attributes were mapped for 16 m × 16 m pixels, which were used as input for the AutoATES model. The uncertainties of the stem number and canopy-cover maps were 30% and 31%, respectively. The overall classification accuracy of 52 ski-touring routes in Western Norway with a total length of 282 km increased from 55% in the model without forest information to 67% when utilizing canopy cover. The F1 score for the three predicted ATES classes improved by 31%, 9%, and 6%.
Populærvitenskapelig – Innlegg: Det finnes ikke én riktig hugstform for all norsk skog
Paul McLean, Christian Kuehne
Både flatehugst og alternativene har styrker og svakheter, så hugstform bør bestemmes av formålet, ikke av idealisme eller gammel vane.
ForfatterePaul McLean Harald Kvaalen Bruce Talbot Rasmus Astrup
Det er ikke registrert sammendrag
Divisjon for skog og utmark
SFI SmartForest: Bringing Industry 4.0 to the Norwegian forest sector
SmartForest will position the Norwegian forest sector at the forefront of digitalization resulting in large efficiency gains in the forest sector, increased production, reduced environmental impacts, and significant climate benefits. SmartForest will result in a series of innovations and be the catalyst for an internationally competitive forest-tech sector in Norway. The fundamental components for achieving this are in place; a unified and committed forest sector, a leading R&D environment, and a series of progressive data and technology companies.