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Division of Biotechnology and Plant Health


Photo: Erling Fløistad
Finished Last updated: 14.02.2023
End: dec 2018
Start: jan 2015
Innovative approaches and technologies for Integrated Pest Management to increase sustainable food production.
Norway has implemented EU´s Directive on sustainable use of pesticides (2009/128/EC) which promotes the use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and alternative approaches or techniques (IPM tools) to minimize pesticide use. There is a lack, however, of proven and practical IPM tools for farmers to use, as well as a relevant policy for a successful implementation of IPM.


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Contact: Ingeborg Klingen

Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Contact: Arild Vatn

Norwegian Agriculture Extension Service
Contact: Jon Mjærum

In addition there are several other project collaboration parties, and participants of the project reference group.

SMARTCROP project organisation

Full overview of the SMARTCROP project organisation

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Overview of students/Post Docs in the project

Updated 23.03.2019

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Status Active
Start - end date 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2018
Project manager Ingeborg Klingen
Division Division of Biotechnology and Plant Health
Department Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in Forestry, Agriculture and Horticulture
Funding source Norges Forskningsråd

In SMARTCROP we aim to meet these challenges. The project is divided into 5 Work Packages (WPs) as presented below.

Primary objective:

Innovative tools, approaches and policy instruments to increase adoption of IPM strategies for a sustainable and financially viable food production.

The project is divided into 4 scientific Work Packages (WPs):

WP1: Innovative IPM tools. WP1 aims at developing new IPM tools through in-depth research of creative ideas. Future IPM systems need to be effective, precise and economically and environmentally sustainable. This WP is led by Therese With Berge (NIBIO) and is divided into 4 tasks: WP1.1. Sensor-based weed harrowing in cereals, WP1.2. Combine odours and natural enemies, WP1.3. Effect of water on pests and beneficials, WP1.4. End users assessment of suitabilty of tools

WP2: Effects of IPM practices on pests and natural enemies, yield, farmer economy, and risk of pesticides. In this WP we will establish field trials in two annual and two perennial model crops aiming to study and demonstrate different IPM regimes. This WP is led by Nina Trandem (NIBIO) adn is divided into 4 tasks: WP2.1. Field trials for demonstration and research, annual crops. WP2.2. Field trials for demonstration and research, perennial crops, WP2.3. Lab studies on interactions, WP2.4. End users assessment of IPM practices.

WP3: Develop and implement new simulation models for pest-pest-natural enemy interactions and environmental risk of pesticides. In this WP we aim atdeveloping new simulation models for pest-pest-natural enemy interactions, refining existing pest warning models and pesticide risk models for implementation into web-based warning or DSS for northern conditions.This WP is led by Marianne Stenrød (NIBIO) and is divided into 6 tasks: WP3.1. Develop new simulation models for pest-natural enemy complexes, WP3.2. Refine existing apple scab model,WP3.3 MACRO, a pesticide fate model adapted for winter conditions, WP3.4. SYNOPS, a web-based tool for environmental risk assessment, WP3.6. End users assessment of web-based system.

WP 4: Innovative policies for a persistent adoption of intensive IPM strategies. In this WP we aim at making suggestions for innovative policies for IPM by studying consumer, wholesaler and retailer attitudes to IPM as well as policies for increased supply of IPM tools and increased farmer adoption of IPM. This WP is led by Valborg Kvakkestad (NIBIO) and is divided into 3 tasks: WP4.1. Consumer, wholesaler and retalier attitude to IPM, WP4.2. Policy instruments for increased avilability of IPM tools, 4.3. Suggestions for innovative policy measures

Participants and funding
SMARTCROP involves a reference group and several national and international partners form farmers, agricultural extension service, IPM tool companies, regulatory authorities, wholesalers and retailers. The project runs from 2015- 2018 and is funded by The Research Council of Norway (Project number 244526/E50).

Students in SMARTCROP


PhD students

Stephanie Saussure 

PhD project title:
The effect of plant protection and abiotic factors on interactions between pests and their natural enemies in cereals 

Richard Meadow (NMBU)
Therese With Berge (NIBIO)
Anne-Grete Roer Hjelkrem (NIBIO)
Ingeborg Klingen (NIBIO) 

Roger Holten

PhD project title:
Pesticide fate and behaviour under Norwegian winter conditions and adaptation of the MACRO model to freezing and thawing

Ole Martin Eklo (NIBIO/NMBU)
Marianne Stenrød (NIBIO)
Nicholas Jarvis (SLU)
Mats Larsbo (SLU)
Jens Kværner (NIBIO) 

Ming Su

PhD project title:
Risk assessment of innovative Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies in crop farming 

Gudbrand Lien (HiL & NIBIO)
Mogens Lund (NIBIO)
Nina Trandem (NIBIO)
Karen Refsgaard (NIBIO) 

Fernanda Canassa

PhD project title:
Entomopathogenic fungi as growth promoter and antagonist of pests and diseases in strawberry

Italo Delalibera Junior (ESALQ)
Nicolai Vitt Meyling (University of Copenhagen) 

Fernanda de Cássia Neves Esteca  

PhD working title:
Management of strawberry pests in southern Minas Gerais, with emphasis on the two-spotted spider mite and two new potential strawberry pests (2017-2021)

Gilberto José de Moraes (ESALQ/USP). 
Italo Delalibera Júnior (ESALQ/USP).
Nina Trandem (NIBIO/ NMBU)
Ingeborg Klingen (NIBIO)