SiEUGreen: Sino-European innovative green and smart cities
Resource-efficient urban agriculture for multiple benefits – contribution to the EU-China Urbanisation Partnership
Sustainable recycling of organic waste resources in the future bioeconomy
The intended future bioeconomy requires increased utilisation of available bioresources. As part of this, optimal utilisation of nutrients in waste resources as fertiliser in agriculture will be indispensable. However, waste resources are complex materials that are strongly varying in terms of composition, quantity and quality. Therefore, several barriers will have to be overcome to realise efficient nutrient cycling. For example, large amounts of water in many waste resources can result in difficulties related to handling and application as fertiliser, and that transport is costly over large distances. Further, unknown quality of waste resources as fertiliser is often hindering efficient and environmentally friendly use. Waste resources can contain environmental pollutants and pathogenic microorganisms. Especially microplastics have lately received gained focus. Also, acceptance of waste resources as fertiliser by farmers is unknown, and nutrient recycling can lead to environmental problem shifting.
Beyond the genome: epigenetics of defense priming and climatic adaptation in plants
In this project we study epigenetic modifications involved in defenses priming against pests and pathogens and climatic adaptation in plants. These are novel research questions of great interest, both from a basic scientific perspective and from a climate change and crop protection perspective. Healthy, vigorous plants with flexible phenotypes that are well adapted to shifting environmental conditions provide better yield and more efficient carbon sequestration from the atmosphere, with less pesticide use. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of the epigenetic machinery will help inform how epigenetics may be exploited in plant breeding and crop management practices.