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NIBIOs employees contribute to several hundred scientific articles and research reports every year. You can browse or search in our collection which contains references and links to these publications as well as other research and dissemination activities. The collection is continously updated with new and historical material.



We studied how light from different light sources influences germination and postgerninative growth of plants from somatic embryos and seeds of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst).Somatic embryos of three spruce genotypes and seeds were subjected to light from commercially available light sources: Philips TLD Blue 18W/18 (BL), Osram Fluora (FL), Philips Cool White TL 50W/33 (CW), Osram Warm White 18W/30 (WW), Philips Yellow 36W/16 (YE) and Philips TLD Red 36W/15 (RE), 18 h a day, with a photon flux (PAR) at 30 mu mol m(-2) s(-1). After 6 weeks the germination frequencies of the somatic embryo-derived plantlets were 50% under BL and 98% under RE. The corresponding mean root lengths were 6.7 and 15.4 mm. In somatic embryo-derived plantlets cultured under BL, FL, CW and WW, both roots and hypocotyls turned brown, presumably due to production of phenolic substances. Browning was less severe in somatic embryo-derived plantlets cultured under RE and YE. Under RE, the epicotyl elongated in 37% of the plantlets after 6 weeks, compared with 70% under the other light sources. Seed germination and postgerminative seedling growth was modestly influenced by light from these light sources. RE and WW initially delayed germination as compared with BL, FL and CW, but after 2 weeks, more than 90% of the seeds had germinated under all light sources. In conclusion, germination and postgerminative growth of somatic embryos of spruce is sensitive to differences in light quality, whereas seed germination and seedling growth is not.

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The biomass in four dominant field layer species was followed during six years after a fire in a pine forest in Sveio, western Norway. The overall biomass in the different species was estimated from the biomass per shoot, the shoot densities in pure stands of the investigated species and the percentage cover at medium burned sites. Corresponding measurements were made at control plots outside the burned area.The method was checked by comparing with ordinary area based sampling technique, and a general good agreement was found. The Vaccinium species and calluna were the dominant species at the control plot.Three years after the fire the total overall biomass at the burned site was already higher than at the control site, due to improved light and nutrient conditions. A strong increase in the overall biomass of Calluna vulgaris and deschampsia flexuosa was found in burned areas, and a slower regrowth of Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea.However, in the future the biomass is expected to decrease, and the species composition will probably change as nutrients are leached out of the soil and pine and deciduous trees (Betula pubescens and Salix caprea) are regerating from seeds and roots, leading to increased competition in the field and shrub layer.