Active Last updated: 01.05.2021
End: dec 2021
Start: jan 2018

Prosjektets hovudspørsmål er: 

Status Active
Start - end date 01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021
Project manager Bjørn Egil Flø
Division Division of Food Production and Society
Department Economics and Society

Korleis tilpassar dei formelle og uformelle institusjonane - knytt til felles beiting i utmarka – seg dei miljømessige, politiske og økonomiske endringane over tid? Samt korleis påverkar desse endringane dei ulike brukarane sine generelle strategiar for samarbeid? Og meir spesifikt; korleis påverkar desse endringane samarbeidet mellom beitebrukarane innanfor dei ulike beiteområda?

Prosjektet vil undersøke

Prosjektet vil identifisere «beste praksis» og skissere gode måtar å forvalte, styre og drifte beiteområda våre på og foreslå konkrete ordningar for handtering av ulike interessemotsetnadar.

Publications in the project

Abstract

New projects in England and Norway addresses threats to traditional collaborative management by using a collaborative and multi-partner approach to improving the goods and services from commons. These goods and services include water quality and flood protection, biodiversity, cultural landscape, access, carbon storage and archaeology. The projects will increase understanding of the heritage of commons and their role in ecosystems service provision between visitors, local communities, policy makers and farmers. Overall the aim is to seek ways that improve the dialogue with and support the contribution of commoners and commons to the delivery of public goods and services. A key aim is to address the lack of understanding of commoning and commons amongst decision makers and other organisations who influence the management of the land. A pilot project in England produced a set of ‘attributes of successful management for multiple outcomes’ and these are central to the "Our Common Cause" project, which started in England in 2017. The co-production approach will be outlined regarding the best practice in the commoning community. Given the limited opportunities to build capacity and increase capability it is essential to promote and examine good case studies to ensure that knowledge and skills exchange is viable. The trans-regional approach is essential due to the fragmented nature of commons across England and justified by the themes that arose from the regions in the pilot. The richness of experience across the country will benefit commons, commoning communities and the range of organisations (public and private) that engage with them. The FUTGRAZE project in Norway seeks to tackle the issue of 'how do formal and informal institutions concerning common grazing adapt to environmental, political and economic change over time how do these changes influence different users cooperative strategies? It examine: - current arrangements for governance, management and operation in Norwegian grazing areas; - how grazing and cooperation are affected by change in land use pressure and structural changes causing reduced number of pasture farmers in some areas and asymmetry in herd sizes in other; - how grazing areas that are organized differently solve different challenges. The paper consider three broad areas. 1. The most fundamental threat is that the role of commoners and commons is neither understood nor valued; 2. The increasing number of external pressures on commoners threatens to undermine the systems and cultural landscapes of commons; 3. The decline in commoning threatens the heritage of commons and the public goods and services they It also diminishes the resilience of commons in the face of external pressures.