Stein Mathisen

Førstekonsulent (pensjonistavtale)

IKT

(+47) 913 70 481
stein.mathisen@nibio.no

Sted
Ås - Bygg H7

Besøksadresse
Høgskoleveien 7, 1433 Ås

Sammendrag

Dry matter (DM) production and nutritional quality of plants were recorded on an old meadow before, during and after it was grazed by reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus; 15 reindeer ha-1) in the spring of 1996 and 1997 in northern Norway. Mean herbage harvest after 54 and 50 days of growth including 25 and 24 days of reindeer grazing was 1217±320 kg DM ha-1 in 1996 and 2297±495 kg DM ha-1 in 1997 respectively. On ungrazed old meadow, in contrast (P0.05). Crude protein content (% of DM) was 25 % early in the growing season in both 1996 and 1997. After 54 and 50 days of growth including 25 and 24 days of reindeer grazing, crude protein content was about 17 % of DM both in 1996 and 1997 respectively, compared with about 12 % of DM in ungrazed old meadow both years. In 1997, crude protein content was 13.3 % of DM after 50 days of growth including 7 days of reindeer grazing. The grazed and ungrazed old meadow contained about 20 % (of DM) water-soluble carbohydrates throughout the summer in both years. Mean plant cell wall content in ungrazed plants harvested after about 50 days, was higher (51.5 and 49.1 % of DM; P>0.05), compared to plant cell wall content in grazed meadow (49.0 and 46.4 % of DM) in 1996 and 1997 respectively. In vitro dry matter digestibility (%) of herbage harvest using rumen fluid from domestic ruminants, was about 10 % higher (73.4±0.30 and 75.7±0.28) in samples from grazed meadow compared to ungrazed meadow (66.2±0.93 and 65.4±1.19) in 1996 and 1997. Reindeer grazing old meadow in spring maintains the vegetation at a younger phenological stage during the growing season, when compared to ungrazed meadow. Therefore grazing increased the quality of the herbage, but decreased herbage harvest when exposed to high grazing intensity.

Sammendrag

Utilization of abandoned coastal meadows in northern Norway by reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) were investigated for 25 days in spring 1996 (n=12, 40-57 kg body mass (BM)) and 24 days in 1997 (n=12, 39-61 kg BM). Grass production on grazed and ungrazed meadow was measured both years. Faecal dry matter (DM) production and ruminal in vitro DM digestibility (IVDMD) of selected plants were measured in the reindeer 15-22 days after the grazing experiment started each year. During the grazing period mean ± standard deviation (s) temperature was 8.7, s = 2.8, °C in 1996 and 11.0, s = 3.0, °C in 1997, while temperature the first week was significantly higher in 1997 (P