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Land Resource Serveys

The department is responsible for collecting knowledge about land resources in agricultural and uncultivated land, as well as agricultural genetic resources. Data collection from field work and interpretation of aerial and satellite imagery, datamanagement, dataanalysis and dataprocessing are key aereas.

Broad and active dissemination of knowledge, with an emphasis on agricultural and industrial management is also an important part of the departement.

The department has three disciplines.

Remote Sensing

This area of work supplies thematic maps and area statistics directly to the external users , as well as geographic data to be processed further within NIBIO by other sections of the institute.

Key skills include photogrammetry, cartography, automatic image analysis, visual image interpretation, agricultural heritage (buildings and connected areas), plant ecology, programming, and geographic information analysis tools (GIS tools).

The Remote Sensing discipline produces inventories of area resources for the agricultural and forestry sectors, in particular: area resource maps at scale 1:50,000 (AR50) and 1:250,000 (AR250); forest maps based on interpretation of satellite images with general classes of tree species, volume, and age; forestry polygons (compartments, stands) based on segmentation and interpretation of 3D-data from matched aerial photos (ForestMap). The resource maps are based on field data, aerial photos, and satellite images and are interpreted visually (heads-up digitizing), or automatically with image processing tools.  Data collection and interpretation enables monitoring of the agricultural landscape “3Q” and is an important part of this discipline.

This group also has responsibility for the digital orthophotos (photos with uniform scale, (used by the institute), and the archive for aerial photos and satellite images.

 

Vegetation and Rangeland Survey


This discipline focuses on mapping of land resources and land use in rangeland, and disseminates maps, statistics and advice   aimed at increasing the profitability and long-term sustainability of rangeland-related industries rangeland environments.

Vegetation and Rangeland Surveys carries out vegetation mapping in areas important for agriculture and rangeland-related industry, and for environmental and land-use management.  National and regional data on natural resources are gathered through surveys based on 18-kilometre grid spacing, and by interpreting satellite photos in mountain areas.  The group is responsibly for running the online map service showing livestock grazing in rangeland environments.

Key expertise includes vegetation conditions and grazing activities in rangeland environments and advisory services, as well as disseminating knowledge, particularly regarding grazing activities, landscape management and biodiversity. Ongoing knowledge development in these areas is carried out in cooperation with other research institutions.

 

Norwegian Genetic Resource Centre

The centre has been commissioned to contribute to the effective management of genetic resources in farm animals, crops and forest trees. It also acts as an advisory body to the Norwegian Ministry of Food and Agriculture.

The Norwegian Genetic Resource Centre was established by the Ministry of Food and Agricultureas a part of NIBIO. The centre is the secretariat for genetic resource committees on farm animals, crops and forest trees, respectively. In cooperation with these bodies, the Genetic Resource Centre prepares and follows up action plans for the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources native to Norway.

The Genetic Resource Centre also coordinates activities and priorities linked to genetic resource management and communicates knowledge about these genetic resources, and how they can be safeguarded during use and through specific conservation measures. The Genetic Resource Centre follows up these efforts in Nordic and international bodies, and coordinates national and Nordic work on genetic resource management.

Contact person:

Hanne Gro Wallin
Head of Department
(+47) 902 41 612
Hanne.Gro.Wallin@nibio.no